Stone 101 - An Introduction to Natural Stone
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In addition to the differences in their physical appearance, the quarrying process of limestone and sandstone differ as well. Limestone is cut out of the ground with a large Vermeer saw, where it is then broken out of the ground and sawn into the desired face sizes, or heights, and chopped to length. In contrast, sandstone is extracted from the ground in large slabs, where it is further broken down by following the stone’s natural veins with pneumatic hammers, sledge hammers and pick axes.

Natural Stone Cuts

Chopped Stone
Chopped stone material refers to the face and edging of the stone cut. The edging is naturally broken at right angles, but none of the surfaces are smooth. As with most of our product applications, this stone cut is traditionally used as decorative facing material for both internal and external walls, specialty projects and retaining walls. Chopped stone can be used in ashlar, dry-stack and linear masonry patterns.

Flagstone is easily distinguished by the irregularity in the product’s shape. Flagstone is broken into irregular pieces by hammering the stone’s natural veins, and the end result can have many sides. Flagging exposes the top or "natural" face of the stone and is commonly used in building exteriors, patios and retaining walls. Masons can lay flagstone “as is” in a random pattern as well as dry-stacking.

Sawn Stone
Sawn stone product is very similar to chopped stone; however, sawn stone is cut precisely with a saw, rather than chopped. Clients seeking complete uniformity of their stone often utilize the saw to cut the tops and bottoms to specific heights. One may also saw all six sides to achieve a completely unique look. Sawn stone can be used in ashlar, dry-stack and linear masonry patterns.


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